Wednesday, 31 August 2011


I just saw a fight at the Gordons Market in Port Moresby. It was a one-sided fight between a woman and a man. The man just stood and took the blows.

She was built like a brick out-house and came from the highlands. Accusing the man of stealing money, she bashed him and threw him around like a rag doll.

If this is highlands violence, it was at the hands of a woman who punched the man repeatedly in the face like a prize boxer. The fact that he did not respond might mean they were not married. Or he was afraid that a fight may attract extreme violence from her tribesmen who were probably in the crowd.

It did demonstrate that with many man-woman fights in the highlands, the man may see that he has to smash the woman down or be seriously injured. It is not a gender equity issue but an issue of survival. At least she did not try to crush his testicles as is the practice among some highlands women.

There is gender equity in the highlands. Many women are equal in bashing men. Highlands women are strong and not afraid of violence. These women must laugh at the talk among expatriate woman advisors who speak only about violence of men. That is only half the story in the highlands.


So OBE has been scrapped. No further chance for assignments, research, comprehension, putting ideas in own words, analyzing, integrating ideas and issues, evaluating and logical argument.

Back to students sitting, teacher talking, summaries and exercises on the blackboard, no need for research or up to date libraries or self discipline or a sense of curiosity in gaining knowledge, weekly tests on work set, results sent to the Measurement Support Unit, no experience in research for university students to succeed at tertiary study.

At least there will be less cheating in internal assessment. Let us hope that the massive supply of library books by overseas donors will help improve and enrich the old approach.

But no experience is ever lost. OBE will never die. It is professionally at a higher standard. Many teachers will  use the OBE research approach rather than the old tick-and-flick questions at the end of the fortnight.     If OBE is scrapped, we will find that assessment in many schools will be 20% OBE.

Why does the Government not advise that OBE will be introduced in 5 years time? The Education system and teachers have 5 years to get ready.

By that time, the infrastructure should be made ready.   Libraries equipped with the correct range of books, classes smaller, teachers prepared. The education process goes back to the old approach of teaching of spelling, grammar, reading, writing, multiplication tables and theorems.

29 Jun 2011 ... WRITE SWEET ENGLISH ..... and stop the baby talk. In Papua New
Guinea schools, .... Posted by HIV/AIDS: FAMILY POSITIVE LIVING at 18:55
- Cached - Similar

There is also the OBE approach of researching, reading  to understand, analyzing and expressing in own words. At the moment, it is all a mess.

In the meantime, the old approach will take pressure off students and teachers. Teachers should keep the OBE strategies they are comfortable with. Students should by then have more access to libraries and internet. Schools may find that year by year, the school approach is 20% , 40%, 60% , 80% OBE. Then OBE should succeed.

OBE will never fade. It will produce students who read, write, analyze, problem-solve and put  it in writing. Sitting like logs and copying from the blackboard is not really a useful exercise. Students can go through school and put nothing in their own words until the grade 10 Written Expression exam.

Bruce Copeland BA BEdSt
Past Deputy Principal and Senior Subject Master
PNG High Schools

Tuesday, 30 August 2011


The Outcome Based Education has failed in Papua New Guinea. We need to understand that assessment has always had two components - internal and external assessment. Internal assessment for the Grade 10 exam started in grade 9 with tests set by the teacher and collated to pass to Measurement Support Unit.

Test instruments and results for every teacher in every grade were made ready for inspection by the school inspector. He made sure that there was no faking of exams and results by the teacher. It worked well.

The difference with OBE is that the internal assessment was expanded to research projects. This had to be a nightmare for teachers who set projects knowing there was not enough resource material in the library. Even with the donor supplies of books, it may be that there are no multiple copies.

Not enough resource material was available. Sixty students in the class had to share one library book that did not really cover the topic anyway. There was no access to Google. The students had to collaborate on the assignments. That could be called cheating, especially when they copied the assignment of another student.

As well, students had no experience in research, analyzing issues and presenting arguments. Many just copied out of library books. It is called plagiarism. This is poor preparation for university studies. Tertiary students plagiarize in their assignments too. They failed in Australian university studies.

21 Aug 2011 ... Students at university level often fail their courses or produce poor results
because they lack the skills of reading and understanding what ... - Cached - Similar

5 days ago ... Posted by HIV/AIDS: FAMILY POSITIVE LIVING at 20:27 · Email This BlogThis! ...

23 Aug 2011 ... This blogspot is about Positive Living in families. But the focus is on the
Australian army teaching Tok Pisin to soldiers on posting to ...

So the answer now is to have students assessed mainly by external exams. The nation has gone backwards. But at least it will stop the requirement for self-education through projects and research. Education is not ready for that. Failure of OBE is not the fault of teachers. The whole system is not ready for research study.

I have two daughters in Grades 6 and 7. I have never seen them research from a book. The best that they do is copy from what the teacher writes on the black board. A problem in external assessment is that cheating is widely done by advance copies of external exam papers passed among students who pay good money.

PNG cannot win with OBE. Introducing OBE was a step backwards. Cancelling OBE is another step backwards.


Nations do not understand the power they have over the United Nations. The nations are the clients and the UN is servant. In the last decade the world has had the UN gays, lesbians and paedophiles pushing an anti-family agenda on developing nations.

The United Nations has become the headquarter of the gay and lesbian one world government with sexual chaos as the central objective. UNAIDS is the key gay organization.

14 Aug 2011 ... He distinguished himself in PNG by his fierce opposition to Positive Living
with FAMILY and FAITH. He was the one who had AIDS Holistics ... - Cached - Similar

10 Aug 2011 ... FAMILY POSITIVE LIVING - AIDS HOLISTICS. faith, hope ... You
have continued your gay anti-family message in UNAIDS ever since that time.

What if one nation decided to kick out UNAIDS for failure to carry out an acceptable service? Nothing would happen except that the UN and their gays, lesbians and paedophiles would be out of work in that country. They would be terrified. UN would re-strategize fast.

What if another country followed? The UN would restrategize faster. But no country will do that. If a nation kicked out the UN organization, the matter would be on all world news channels for weeks. Get your act together, nations of the world.

The UN is not a massive all-powerful organization. When nations stopped supporting the League of Nations in the 1930s, the League failed. The UN is the power base of the world gays, lesbians and paedophiles. If they get kicked out, the holiday is over.

The League failed when countries felt it did not have their interests at heart. The gay, lesbian and paedophile infiltrators have only their own interests.

We are not to know just who is reading this blogspot. Most hits come from PNG, Australia and USA. That is sure to include Australian politicians and UN officers from New York. There may be restrategizing going on all the time. This blogspot will remain as long as possible over the next decade. It will provide a clarion call to the families of the world.

Monday, 29 August 2011


Save the Children is coming out of the closet. They are focused on children not in families but as separate individuals. The UN Charter of Rights gives underage children the right of association. They can be part of Save the Children and the parents never know. Parents think their kids are at school.

Save the Children has a history of attracting paedophiles. We read of many reports from Google. There is a track record of paedophiles infiltrating aid organizations like Save the Children. PNG would have its share of paedophiles in Save the Children.

Paedophile who worked for Save the Children jailed | UK news ...
29 Jul 2009 ... Charity checking safeguards on hiring staff after 'predatory and devious'
employee sentenced to four years.
- Cached - Similar

29 Jul 2009 ... A former Save the Children worker who led a double life as a 'predatory
and devious' paedophile was jailed for four years today. Sohail Ayaz, a ...
pleading-guilty-/ - Cached - Similar

They have a gay and lesbian organization hiding inside. A recent advertisement stated that Poro Sapot helps male and female transgender people and men who have sex with men ( and STC boys).

They work with the police probably to keep the police from the paedophile crimes. Save the Children gathers children in the same organization in which they gather gays and paedophiles.

They used to have a Sunday night disco at Shady Rest Hotel in Port Moresby. That is where gay men can meet the Save the Children children. Now they are having a media conference to tell the media of child abuse from parents. Good trick.

Save the Children wants weak families and does not want to work with parents. Like all good gays and lesbians, they regard all parents as the enemy. They want children to come to them and tell how they are abused.

All Save the Children workers would be single and know nothing about raising children except what comes from books. Save the Children opposes corporal punishment for children.

They would have no objection to boys sucking penises of STC gays. That is just private. Opposing physical punishment is part of weakening parental authority. They never run workshops to show parents how to raise children. A group of single poofs claiming to be experts on raising kids. That would be a joke.

19 May 2011 ... are they anti-family? Is this limited only to Save the Children in ...
6 May 2011 ... The time has come for Save the Children in the world to face the .... in many
countries and has developed very useful campaign material. ... NATIONS: BAN SAVE
message is a world message based on family love and caring. ... - Cached - Similar

Did they tell the media of the rights of children to obtain condoms?  Some months ago, a spokesperson told the media of their anger that Health centres refused the requests of their saved children to obtain condoms. It is is their right. How young were these kids asking for condoms?

Save the Children should be investigated by police. Sex offenders in Save the Children should be arrested and charged. If found guilty, they should be gaoled and deported. They have set up infrastructure that gives gays, lesbians and paedophiles permanent access to children for perverted sex. The first step is to tell the kids they have rights. Then they turn their rights into perverted sex.
Paedophiles infiltrate aid charities | UK news | The Guardian
22 Jul 1999 ... British paedophiles are targeting charities and aid agencies in developing ...
They infiltrated Switzerland's biggest children's charity Terre des ... - Cached - Similar

AM Archive - Paedophiles and aid agencies
23 Jul 1999 ... The NCIS says by infiltrating aid agencies, abusers are
getting the kind of access to children they'd get through traditional paedophile
sex - Similar


No mention of families in UNAIDS newspaper reports

An AIDS Holistics report was posted on Google calling UNAIDS to account for their MSM, transgender, women, boys, girls, condoms, anti-men, anti-family, anti-faith and anti-parenting strategy.

14 Aug 2011 ... LET US CHECK OUT UNAIDS. Briefing for new readers and a warning
to churches ... Posted by HIV/AIDS: FAMILY POSITIVE LIVING at 17:35 ... - Cached - Similar

10 Aug 2011 ... FAMILY POSITIVE LIVING - AIDS HOLISTICS. faith, hope ... You have
continued your gay anti-family message in UNAIDS ever since that time. ...
- Cached - Similar

There appeared on Google responses from UNAIDS with family and Positive Living shining out brightly. The reports pointed out the UNAIDS family strategy. There was not really anything set out. Just the word family here and there. Nothing for PNG.

They think the world is not very smart. UNAIDS just wants access to the boys. UNAIDS calls themselves a family. Isn't that lovely? They are a family of gays. They have to be by their newspaper releases.

The UNAIDS gays are fooling the world community by a cheap trick. When you read of UNAIDS family support, do you think they are supporting families? Is it UNAIDS family support? Or UNAIDS family support?

The gays are laughing at us. They are calling all gays, lesbians and paedophiles as the UNAIDS family. And they are diverting money from the general community welfare. They  think we think they are talking about our families.

UNAIDS | Facebook
Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS ... Check out the
question above! ... running programs to serve the following communities: Positive
Living Program, Drug Users, Sex Workers, ... analysis conducted by the Kaiser
Family Foundation and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAI.
... - Cached - Similar

UNAIDS 2011 Letter to Partners
It is a time to remember the friends and family we have lost. It is a time to share
our ... Goals for 2015: Universal access to antiretroviral therapy for people living
with .... Goals—so let us pool resources where possible and mutually strengthen
health ..... her antenatal check-ups, Sarah found out she was HIV-positive. She
was ...
202011.pdf - Cached - Similar

Living with HIV | Me, Myself and HIV
Check out real-life stories from people infected or affected by HIV: ... Jessica has
not let us dwell on the negative but on the positives in life… Do I cry yes
sometimes when I sit down and actually think about what this has meant to our
whole family? I always ..... Media Hollywood, Health & Society. In Partnership
with. UNAIDS. - Cached - Similar

UNAIDS DIVISION OF LABOUR 2010: Consolidated Guidance Note
4 Mar 2011 ... family will work collectively to implement the UNAIDS ...

of_labour_revision2010.pdf - Cached - Similar

UNAIDS congratulates Annie Lennox on receiving the Order of the ...
4 Jan 2011 ... “On behalf of the UNAIDS family, I congratulate Ms Lennox
on receiving this prestigious award,” said UNAIDS Executive Director Michel
Sidibé. - Cached - Similar

It came unstuck in The National 29 August 2011 P.7 with a UNAIDS report on the drop of HIV infection in Asia-pacific area in the last 20 years. No mention was made that the infection of gay men is rising across the world.

The point was made that the key areas were ........wait for it.........people who buy and sell sex, people who inject drugs, men who have sex with men and transgender people. In PNG, these key areas would account for .0001% of the population. Yet these have a key focus over the 99.999% of people in families.

Families are not mentioned. UNAIDS at least in the Pacific is being run by gays for gays, regardless of the cover-up on Google. What has been done in support of family, gay Stewart Watson the Coordinator for UNAIDS in the Pacific?

Friday, 26 August 2011


Have you seen old movies of American cowboys herding cattle to the rail head to be slaughtered in the meatworks?  They identify the cattle, round the cattle up, herd the cattle and drove them to the rail head ready to be transported for slaughter.

There are cowboys in the immune system. These identify germs and viruses, memorize for future use, round the germs up and hold them, kill some on the way and herd to the CD4 cells that swallow.

There is a real collection of immune system cowboys. There are CD4, CD8, dendritic cells, cytokines, chemokines, mucosa and langerhan cells of the mucous layer and antibodies.

But these fail with HIV as the HIV replicates or breeds in the CD4, the very cells that were supposed to kill them. There are CD4 anchored in the mucosa of the mouth, anus, vagina and penis. There are CD4 T cells that float around in the blood and lymph.

The HIV is herded down to the massive collection of CD4 in the gut wall. At the same time that the HIV enters the gut CD4, the gut lining is being destroyed slowly stopping the absorption of nutrients, water and salts.

The gut lining of the small intestine is the greatest killing ground for the germs and bacteria that gather in the gut. The gut is actually the filthiest part of the body particularly for people who eat a lot of half cooked meat. Those who eat fruit and vegetables fresh and raw have the cleanest gut.

In Papua New Guinea, people would have pig kills in the highlands and eat large quantities of half cooked meat. It would rot in the gut and turn gangrene. Then the gut wall would rot. It would be like eating a dog decomposing on the road.

But HIV turns the gut lining  into the greatest HIV breeding ground in the body. But the gut and body is being slowly killed through starvation and infection.

The next major collection of HIV is in the genitals of people with other STIs. The STIs are in the genitals, attracting large numbers of floating CD4 cells.

But then the HIV is herded by the immune system cowboys to the CD4 in the genitals. A person with STIs and HIV will have large accumulations of HIV in the genitals.

Thursday, 25 August 2011


Major Copeland pioneered the PNG Defence Training Familiarization Course from 1986 to help Australian Defence Schools be aware of problems for PNGDF trainees for whom English is a second language and technical English is a third language.

He would give the Australians on course in the Defence Schools a lesson in 21st century technical English that showed that on RAAF and RAN technical courses PNGDF personnel would have no idea of the theory.


"Today, I will show you the workings of the variable convovulator of the interstellar rocket. Last week you learned about the static convovulator that interpelates the forward thrust of the primary stellar intertactile fubilator.

This system is different because it is not static and impulsifies the propulsive retrograde thrust.

Let's go through that again:

(1) What is the function of the variable convovulator?
(2) Does it impulsify or interpelate?
(3) What is the intertactile fubilator?
(4) Why is the propulsive retrograde thrust important?

I really hate teaching these blackfellas. They just stare at you."


(1) There were compound names to be known and understood.
(2) There was no explanation of technical words.
(3) Technical terms were used to explain technical words.
(4) There was no simple English with simple explanation.
(5) There were technical language components but language ignored.

A request has come from a young man doing higher study on Australians working in  the PNGDF. I am putting my input on blogspot for his benefit.


The greatest accumulation of germs, bacteria and gut parasites can be in  the small intestine or gut. These have passed in through the mouth and come through the digestive action of the stomach. The small intestine is really the most filthy part of the body.

The small intestine is the absorption site of the digestive system. Nutrients pass through the villi into the vein that supplies the gut on the way to the liver. Water and salts pass more through the large intestine. Nutrition is the key factor in body maintenance and repair.

Nutrition Power. Gut drama: malabsorption.
Nutrition Power. Gut drama: malabsorption. Jensen J. Nutritional adequacy is
essential in treating HIV/AIDS, where gastrointestinal problems are common. ... - Similar

The gut wall can leak from a number of causes. The germs and bacteria can pass through the gut wall known as the "leaky gut". There are millions upon millions of CD4 cells anchored in the gut wall. When HIV passes into the body via the lymph system, viral particles are herded to the small intestine to be swallowed by CD4 cells

But the virus has the strategy of replicating in the gut CD4 cells. The cells are destroyed and the gut wall is damaged. This opens the gut to massive leakage within a few weeks. The gut wall mends because the body has protein. We have to understand that the gut wall CD4 cells are the epicentre of body defence.

(Please read "Gut Warfare" below. It is the key.)

Gut warfare
testing the gut lining by assessing how well it. Gut warfare. Far from the
unhurried killer it seemed to be, HIV is a swift assassin, ... - Cached - Similar

Causes of Leaky Gut Syndrome.
HIV/AIDS can also create a leaky gut as can the medications used to manage the
disease. Candidiasis; Cancers of the gastro-intestinal tract ... - Cached - Similar

6 Jul 2011 ... testing the gut lining by assessing how well it. Gut warfare. Far from the.
unhurried killer it seemed to be, HIV is a swift assassin, . ... - Cached - Similar

But slowly the gut ceases to mend and has repeated attacks of the HIV. The gut slowly dies. This means that the absorption of nutrients, salts and water also dies. The person loses weight and dies if there is no ARV treatment. ARV treatment has to start early before massive damage is done to the gut lining.

With successful ARV, the gut wall slowly mends as there is no more HIV in the blood to replicate in the CD4 of the gut. But the person has to have strong nutrition to build the cell tissues of the body including the gut wall. Nutrition is the key factor after ARV.


This blogspot is about Positive Living in families. But the focus is on the Australian army teaching Tok Pisin to soldiers on posting to Papua New Guinea in the period immediately before and after independence.

Soldiers came to work in the Papua New Guinea Defence Force often with their wives and children. Married quarters were built in the army bases to house the soldiers and families. The children attended the international schools. Most families had a wonderful time over the two year posting.

It was important to the armed forces that families be happy. So the start came with tok pisin teaching in country at the hands of teachers taken from the military chaplains.

Father Ray Quirk taught the language at Taurama Barracks. There was a man with a handle bar moustache who led the field in teaching tok pisin in Murray Barracks. Wives and children were allowed to attend courses so that they could live comfortably among the PNGDF families.

There was an earlier contingent of Australian army personnel in the 1960s. These were the National Service teachers who had been called up for service in the Vietnam War and had been promoted to sergeant and posted to the PNGDF to train the soldiers. A group made a nostalgic tour back to Port Moresby in August 2011.

RELATIONSHIP ... The Brisbane chalkies group of Armi Wantoks has been
instrumental in
democracy.html - Cached - Similar

In the 5 years prior to independence, the main contingent of service personnel came from the Army. A request went from the Army HQ to the RAAF HQ for tok pisin training to be held at the RAAF School of Languages.

A terse response came back from the Commanding Officer to say that he was not interested in teaching broken English. After all this was a language school that had to maintain standards. No pidgin english allowed.

So the army set up its own language school at the Recruit Training Battalion at Kapooka near Wagga Wagga. The first staff came from the newly opened Military Cadet School at Igam Barracks.

That school took in army personnel from 1972-1978 with a few Royal Navy officers and ….horrors….RAAF personnel. The barriers were falling. In 1979, the decision was made that the RAAF School could conduct Tok Pisin training.

One of the first to start at the new site at Pt. Cook in Melbourne was Captain Bruce Copeland. He was too slow off the mark when the army was looking for training staff. But the armed forces did well because he stayed for 14 years.

The focus of the courses was on language and culture. The people of Papua New Guinea were explained to the Australians usually in positive ways. At times the wives who attended the courses were horrified at what they were hearing. But all 3000 stayed to complete the courses and move to Papua New Guinea over a 14 year period.

But the course was really the key to Family Positive Living over that time. Families were happy with only a few problems. After independence there were great numbers of Australian personnel working in Papua New Guinea. But slowly over a 15 year period, the positions were localized.

At Point Cook, then Major Copeland expanded the courses to training and familiarization of personnel on posting to the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu. Over the time, he became skilled in two dialects of the Tok Pisin language. Or was Tok Pisin the dialect of the other two?

During the time Copeland was in PNG, he was highly critical of Australian training of officer cadets. Many were straight out of rural schools and knew little about the world. PNGDF personnel certainly were not familiar with the vocabulary of the technical courses, particularly those posted to the RAAF and Navy training schools in Australia.

In recent times, we have the same basic comments coming from the University of Papua New Guinea on the problems of students in reading reference books. We made comment based partly on the Australian Defence experience. Click on:

3 days ago ... FAMILY POSITIVE LIVING - AIDS HOLISTICS ... Students at university level often
fail their courses or produce poor results because they lack ... - Cached - Similar

In the posting to the Joint Services College at Igam Barracks 1996-1997, Copeland was involved with Officer Cadets Singirok, Ilau, Agwi and Fabila, all top officer cadets.

He wrote several articles to the Defence Force Journal on aspects of training. This caused problems particularly in the Army that had just started the Army Training System and was very sensitive to criticism, almost like AusAID advisors on HIV/AIDS. Good practice.

Defence force journal 14 1979 Jan_Feb
JANUARY/. FEBRUARY 1979. No. 14. HB. DEFENCE. FORCE. JOURNAL ... 34 A Programme
in Problem Solving. Captain B. D. Copeland. 43 Some Thoughts on ADFA (Australian
Defence Force Academy) .... Bruce cabled the Prime Minister, Mr. Ben ... - Cached - Similar

Defence force journal 71 1988 Jul_Aug
5 Conventional Deterrence and Australian Military. Strategy ... Captain J. E.
Huston, Aust. Int. 21 U.S. Counter Insurgency Initiatives in South. Vietnam —
1961-63 ... Training System. Major Bruce Copeland, RAAEC. ... - Cached - Similar

 Defence force journal 51 1985 Mar_Apr
use of Bruce Copeland's Mastery Learning ... 1 also share Major Copeland's
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6 - Welcome to Australian Defence Force Journal
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Army led the field on training Tok Pisin. Now it was the turn of the RAAF to lead on familiarization training for PNGDF personnel. The key to the message was that training should be practical within scenarios that permitted mastery learning by continued practice of categorized exercises. Army said this was being done already.

Yes, for rifle drill and marching. But not for tactics and leadership training that required decisions and appreciation of factors. How does the technique of drilling with rifles help an officer trying to balance books as mess treasurer? Or a duty officer making a decision to respond to an emergency? Soldiers have to use their heads as well as follow basic drills.

Army Training tended to be on the "Monkey see Monkey do" principle. Not good for training overseas personnel. The RAAF and RAN were more logical in training techniques.

A special course was set up. Major Copeland and his PNGDF colleague conducted week long courses in Australian Defence Training schools.

The schools were shown how training for foreign students had to involve teaching the vocabulary particularly for technical courses and progressive mastery of tasks. He received the 10 Year Independence medal in 1985 for services to the PNGDF.

Students at the Universities of PNG have the same problems today. They just do not understand the reference books. Major Copeland retired in 1993.

Wednesday, 24 August 2011


(68 patterns + 21 basic exercises)

I came to PNG to serve at Igam Barracks during 1976-1977. I had just completed a Bahasa Indonesia course at the RAAF School of Languages. And my first major posting was to Papua New Guinea and no Tok Pisin course that started in the Australian army in 1972.

I found that learning Tok Pisin by myself was very difficult. Many PNG speakers talked softly and quickly. My big problem was to know how to start a sentence.
I never forgot the problems I had in learning the language. I always had difficulty with the starts of sentences. So over the years, I formulated a strategy of teaching that focused on starts of sentences.

Participants on the course learned the patterns daily like children learning the multiplication tables. Yumi go. Yumi go. Yumi go long taun. Yumi go long taun. Yumi go insait long haus. Yumi go insait long haus. ( go pronounced gaw. Long pronounced law)

The patterns below are the framework of the Tok Pisin language. These are the core of all major structures. These can be combined in hundreds of ways to the full boundary of the Tok Pisin language.

This is the tree. Now please start to learn a couple of hundred more leaves to suit your needs. Please learn the patterns off by heart. Revise regularly even when you are becoming fluent.

On future courses, if we can learn the patterns quickly, we can start to explore the hundreds of combinations in rhythm.

Please continue with:


You will learn these off by heart on our 5x2 hour Tok Pisin course with a few hundred more combinations based on these patterns. You are shown how to put these together with the speed of a nerve impulse.


There was a tank on the top of the mountain. The mountain was inside of Igam Barrracks. Igam Barracks was near to Lae. Lae is in PNG. A well was at the bottom of the mountain. There was water inside of the well. A pump was on top of the well. An engine was near to the pump. The first pipe was down from the pump. The second was between the pump and the tank. The third pipe was between the tank and the barracks.

This was the first exercise of the training and laid the foundation of all structures that have prepositions.

Tang i stap we?
(Where is the tank?)
Tang i stap antap long maunden.
(The tank is on the top of the mountain)

Maunden i stap we?
(Where is the mountain?)
Maunden i stap insait long Igam Bareks.
(The mountain is inside Igam Barracks)

Igam Bareks i stap we?
(Where is Igam Barracks?)
Igam Bareks i stap klostu long Lae.
(Igam Barracks is near Lae}

Lae i stap we?
(Where is Lae?)
Lae i stap long PNG.
(Lae is in PNG)

Hul i stap we?
(Where is the well?)
Hul i stap daunbilo long maunden
(The well is down the mountain)

Wara i stap we?
(Where is the water?)
Wara i stap insait long hul 
(The water is in the hole)

Pam i stap we?
(Where is the pump?)
Pam i stap antap long hul.
(The pump is on top of the hole.)

Ensin i stap we?
(Where is the engine?)
Ensin i stap klostu long pam.
(The engine is near the pump)

Nambawan paip i stap we?
(Where is the first pipe?)
Nambawan paip i stap daunbilo long pam
(First pipe is below the pump)

Nambatu paip i stap we?
(Where is the second pipe?)
Nambatu paip i stap namel long pam na tang
(The second pipe is between the pump and tank)

Nambatri paip i stap we?
(Where is the third pipe?)
Nambatri paip i stap namel long tank na bareks.
(The third pipe is between the tank and barracks)

This was the key exercise to the course. It introduced the question form, the marker “i” which was a weak stress. And the prepositions with long as a weak stress and pronounced “law”.


Now let us start the basic starts of sentences.

KANGE NGA KONA: Tok Pisin Tree (Pidgin English)
16 May 2010 ... Thank you for visiting Kange Nga Kona. Loading. .....
Tok Pisin Tree (64 patterns) I found that learning Tok Pisin by myself was very difficult. - Cached - Similar


• go  (go)
• go long taun ( go to town)
• go insait long haus (go into the house)
• go kisim kaikai (go get food)
• kisim wara (get water)
• go baim kaikai long maket (go buy food at the market)
• kisim wara i kam (bring water)
• kisim pikinini i go long haus (take the child to the house)

Bai mi:
Mi bai:
(I will)

• go  (go)
• go long hap (go over there)
• go sindaun wantaim em (go sit with him/her)
• go stap wantaim meri bilong mi (go stay with my wife)
• go sindaun aninit long haus (go sit under the house)

(Yu) no ken:

• go baim kaikai  (go buy food)
• go lukluk nabaut (go look about)
• go toktok wantaim em (go talk with him)
• go askim bos pastaim ( go ask the boss first)
• go insait long haus ( go into the house)

Yumi no ken:
(Let us not)

• wari  ( worry)
• wari tumas (be too worried)
• bel hevi tumas ( be too sad)
• go long taun long biknait (go to town late at night)
• spak long home brew (booze on home brew)
• pulim simok long spak brus (smoke marijuana)
• raun wantaim ol meri ( go around with women)
• tok baksait long ol arapela meri (talk at the back of other women)
• tok bilas long man ia ( ridicule that man)

Ol man i no ken:
( Men should not)

• pait ( fight)
• hambak nabaut ( fool around)
• spak long bia o buai (booze on beer or betelnut)
• raun wantaim ol meri (go around with women)
• slip nabaut long olgeta hap ( sleep around everywhere)
• paitim meri bilong em/en ( fight his wife)
• paulim pikinini meri bilong em/en (abuse his daughter)
• kisim sik HIV/AIDS ( catch HIV/AIDS)
• givim sik long meri bilong em/en (give the sickness to his wife)
• paulim famili ( mess up the family)

Ol meri i no ken:
(Women should not)

• kros ( be cross)
• wari tumas ( be too worried)
• maritim man i marit pinis ( marry a married man)
• raun long ol naitklab ( go around the night clubs)
• raun long nait ( go around at night)

Ol manmeri itambu long:
(People are forbidden to)

• brukim marit ( break up their marriage)
• hambak nabaut ( fool around)
• lusim tingting long ol pikinini bilong ol (forget their children)
• raun long biknait ( go around at night)

Yu no ken lus(im) tingting long:
(Don’t forget to)

• kisim mani i kam ( bring money)
• go painim dok bilong yu ( look for your dog)
• go lukim em ( go find it)
• opim dua ( open the door)
• pasim dua liklik ( shut the door a little)
• go wantaim ol man ( go with the men)

……….no ken lus(im) tingting long go long taun
( .. not forget to go to town)

• Yumi ( Let us)
• Ol i ( They should)
• Ol meri i ( The women should)
• Lain bilong yu i ( Your group should)
• Ol wokman na wokmeri i (The workers should)

Yu gat:
(You have/ do you have?))

• pikinini o nogat? (children)
• hamas pikinini? ( how many children)
• hamas pikinini man? (how many boys)
• hamas pikinini meri? (how many girls)
• haus i stap we? ( a house situated where)
• sik malaria ( malaria)
• wanem kain sik? ( what kind of sickness)
• hamas krismas? ( how many birthdays)
• wanem kain ka? ( what kind of car)
• hamas kain dok? ( how many kinds of dogs)
• buk bilong mi o nogat? ( my book)
• bikpela wari a? ( a big worry)
• wanem kain wari? ( what kind of worry)

Mi gat:

(I have)

• draipela wari ( an enormous problem)
• kain kain hevi ( various problems)
• tupela pikinini meri ( two daughters)
• meri/man ( a wife/ a husband)
• gutpela haus meri tru ( a very good house meri)
• draipela dinau i go long beng ( a massive debt to the bank)
• nupela ka ( a new car)
• mani inap long peim skul fi ( money sufficient to pay school fee)
• wanpela wari mi laik toktok long em/en ( a problem I want to talk about)
• tripela kain dok ( three kinds of dogs)
• kain ka ol i kolim Hummer ( a kind of car they call a Hummer)
• sik malaria ( malaria)

Mi no gat:
(I do not have)

• mani  ( money)
• haus ( a house)
• ka ( a car)
• meri ( a wife)
• mani inap long baim tiket ( money enough to but a ticket)
• pikinini ( child)
• save long yusim komputa ( knowledge to use a computer)
• ol kain kain samting ( various things)

Husat i gat:
(Who has)

• buk bilong opis? ( the office book)
• ki bilong ka? ( the key to the car)
• mani inap long baim tiket? ( money to buy a ticket)
• planti mani? ( plenty of money)

Husat i no gat:
(Who does not have)

• mani? ( money)
• nupela buk? ( a new book)
• pikinini? ( a child)
• kaikai? ( food)
• kaikai inap long wiken? ( food enough for the weekend)

Husat i laik:
(Who would like to)

• go long taun? ( go to town)
• kisim win long 5 pela minit? ( rest for 5 minutes)
• kisim bia? ( have a beer)
• malolo long apinun? ( rest in the afternoon)
• lukim TV? ( watch TV)

Husat i laikim:
(Who wants or Who likes)

• bia? ( a beer)
• kopi o ti? ( coffee or tea)
• PNG? (PNG)
• moa kopi? ( moa coffee)

Meri i laik:
(The woman is about to)

• karim pikinini ( give birth)
• dai ( die)
• kirap long slip (wake up from sleep)
• opim dua ( open the door)
• toktok long yumi ( talk to us)
• krai ( cry)
• kisim sut ( have an injection)


• lukim dok bilong mi liklik?  (glimpsed my dog?)
• wari long wanem samting? ( are worried about what thing)
• laik go we? ( want to go where)
• laik mi kam wantaim yu? (want me to come with you)
• laik toktok long wanem samting? ( want to talk about what thing)
• ting olsem yu laik kam? (think you want to come)
• klia long dispela samting? ( sure about this thing)
• save long pasin bilong yusim komputa? (know to use a computer)
• pren bilong John a? ( are John’s friend eh?)
• save lotu? ( customarily go to church)
• save lotu long wanem sios? ( worship at what church)
• bilong wanem lain lotu? ( belong to what church group)
• bilong lain SDA a? (belong to the SDA group eh?)
• save lotu long Sarere a? ( customarily worship on Saturday eh?)
• save spak? ( customarily booze)
• man bilong Morobe a? ( are a Morobe man eh?)
• bai kam o nogat? ( will come or not?)
• bai go sindaun we? (will sit where?)
• bai go long haus pastaim a? ( will go to the house first eh?)


• ensin i bagarap ( the engine is damaged)
• pikinini i sik liklik ( the child is slightly sick)
• yu gat bikpela wari ( you have a big worry)
• yu no klia tumas ( you are not too sure)
• olgeta samting i paul ( everything is messed up)
• em i taim bilong toktok ( it is time to talk)
• taim bilong pait i pinis olgeta ( time to fight is completely finished)

Ating bai mi:
(Perhaps I will)

• go lukluk nabaut pastaim ( go look around first)
• go askim bos pastaim ( go ask the boss first)
• traim dua gen ( try the door again)
• draivim ka i go bek long Lae ( drive the car back to Lae)
• kisim meri i kam ( bring the woman)
• go tokim wan wan man pastaim ( go talk to each man first)

Ating mobeta yu:
(Perhaps it would be better if you)

• wasim han bipo yu kaikai ( wash hands before eating)
• no wari tumas (are not too worried)
• go sindaun long hap ( go sit over there)
• go kisim ol meri i kam ( go and bring the women)
• kisim nupela ka ( get a new car)
• go kisim sut long haus sik ( get an injection at the hospital)

Itambu (tru) long:
(It is [quite] forbidden to)

• go insait long haus ( go into the house)
• opim dua (open the door)
• stilim kaikai ( steal food)
• stil ( steal)
• go insait ( enter)

Em i taim bilong:
(It is time to)

• kaikai (eat)
• go long sios ( go to church)
• opim stua ( open the store)
• go tokim em ( go and tell him/her)
• askim ol tisa long kam ( ask the teachers to come)
• stat (start)
• pinis (finish)

Em i taim bilong … long go kisim kaikai.
(It is time for …to go grt food)

• mi (me)
• yumi ( us)
• ol meri ( the women)
• ol pikinini ( the children)
• ol lain meri ( the group of women)

Em i man bilong
(He is a man who)

• spak (boozes)
• pait (fights)
• PNG ( is from PNG)
• Morobe ( is from Morobe)
• kusai ( cheats)
• giaman ( tells lies)
• sios (belongs to the church)
• bel kaskas ( whinges)

Gutpela sapos yu:
(it would be good if you)

• go nau ( go now)
• lusim tingting long dispela samting ( forget about this thing)
• go tokim bos pastaim ( go talk to the boss first)
• wasim ka ( wash the car)
• katim gras ( cut the grass)
• tok sori long famili ( apologize to the family)

Nogut yu:
(It would be bad if you)

• kam bihaintaim ( come late)
• kam bihaintaim tumas (come too late)
• go aut long biknait ( go out late at night)
• kirap long moningtaim tru ( get up in early morning)
• kam long wok bihaintaim ( come to work late)
• hambak nabaut long taim bilong wok ( mess around in work time)
• lusim tingting ( forget)
• bel kaskas tumas (whinge too much)

Mi laik:
(I would like to)

• go ( go)
• go wantaim yu ( go with you)
• go kisim wara ( go get water)
• go waswas long riva ( go bathe in the river)
• askim yu long wanpela samting (ask you about something)
• kisim wanpela bia ( get a beer)
• kisim wanpela moa ( get one more)
• go antap ( go up)
• go antap moa ( go up higher)
• go antap moa yet ( go up still higher)
• go antap moa moa yet ( go up even higher still)
• go long taun bipo long belo ( go to town before lunch)
• kam bek bihain long belo ( come back after lunch)
• lusim haus tupela aua bihain long belo ( leave house 2 hours after lunch)
• malolo liklik ( rest a little)
• kisim win liklik bipo mi go ( have a breather before I go)

Mi laik yu:
(I would like you to)

• kam wantaim mi ( come with me)
• go baim kaikai long maket ( go buy food at the market)
• opim dua (open the door)
• opim dua liklik ( open the door a little)
• opim dua liklik moa ( open the door a little more)
• opim dua liklik moa yet ( open the door still a little further)
• opim dua olgeta (open the door completely)

Yu laik mi?
(Would you like me to)

• go wantaim yu ….o nogat? (go with you?)
• go sindaun long hap   … o we? ( go sit over there or where”)
• go wok long haus ….o we? (go work at the house or where?)
• go spak long taun ….o wanem? (go boozing in town or what?)
• go askim em pastaim…o wanem? (go ask him first or what?)

(You / are)

• husat? ( who)
• man bilong we? ( a man from where?)
• meri bilong wanem hap? ( a woman from what area)
• man bilong giaman a? ( are a liar eh?)
• man bilong sios o nogat? ( a church man or not?)
• man bilong hailans o nogat? ( are a highlands man or not?)
• man bilong Goroka o we? ( a Goroka man or where?)
• gat hamas pikinini? ( have how many children)
• gat hamas pikinini man? (have how many boys)
• gat hamas pikinini meri? ( have how many girls)
• gat hamas krismas? ( have how many birthdays)
• gat wari/hevi o nogat? ( you have a problem or not?)
• gat wanem kain wari? ( have what kind of problem)
• laik go we? ( want to go where)
• stap we? ( where)
• stap long wanem hap? ( in which area)
• go we? ( are going where)
• go long wanem hap bilong hailans? (went to which highlands area)
• meri bilong Peter a? ( Peter’s wife eh?)

Wanem taim

• bai yu kam? ( you will come)
• yu bai kam?
• ren i kam? ( the rain comes)
• stua bai pas? (will the store shut)
• yu bai opim stua? (will you open the store)
• ren bai kam? (will the rain come)
• yu kisim sik? ( you caught the sickness)
• pik i dai pinis? ( did the pig die)


• i stap? ( is that)
• bai kam? ( will come)
• i stilim mani pinis? ( stole the money)
• i laik kam wantaim mi? ( would like to come with me)
• i laik kisim wanpela bia? ( would like to have a beer)
• i laik kisim wanpela moa? ( would like to have one more)
• i gat buk bilong mi? ( has my book)
• i no gat mani? ( has no money)
• i pret? ( is afraid)
• i no pret tumas? ( is not too afraid)
• i bel hevi liklik? ( is a little sad)
• (i) inap katim diwai? ( is able to cut wood)
• i gat mani inap long baim tiket? ( has money enough to buy a ticket)
• no gat strong inap long wokabaut? ( does not have strength to walk)

I gat:
(There is/are)

• tupela dok i stap ( two dogs that exist)
• hamas dok i stap? ( how many dogs that exist)
• hamas kain pis i stap? ( how many kinds of fish that exist)
• wanem kain pis i stap long riva?  ( what kind of fish in the river)
• ol wanem kain pis i stap? (what kinds of fish that exist)
• hamas haus i stap long hap? (How many houses that exist over there)
• planti haus i stap antap long maunden ( many houses on the mountain)
• kain kain pik i stap ( there are various pigs that exist)
• tupela meri i wasim klos long riva (2 women washing clothes at the river)
• wanpela pikinini i waswas i stap ( a child in the act of washing)
• wanpela meri i brumim haus i stap ( a woman sweeping the house)
• foapela man i spak i stap ( four men in the act of boozing)

I stap at the end gives the present continuous tense.
He is bathing. Em i waswas i stap. He is walking.
Em i wokabout i stap. He is going and coming.
Em i go i kam i stap.